Microcurrent stimulation is a non-invasive, yet highly effective treatment modality, that is known to provide significant benefits to a diverse range of equine injuries and conditions. In general, microcurrent is used as a versatile recovery aid to address both acute and chronic issues, whilst helping to reduce the associated symptoms.
Much like humans, the equine body has numerous functions involving endogenous bioelectrical activity of cells and tissues, including; the brain, skin, muscles, heart, etc. The electrical activity was discovered many years ago, but now, with modern techniques, the existence of these electrical pathways has become well established. Natural bioelectric activity also plays a role in processes such as; the transmission of pain in nerves and wound healing. By applying carefully selected microcurrents at a similar level, we can now better support the recovery of wounds and most types of tissue related injuries.
In its simplest form, microcurrent aims to facilitate naturally occurring bioelectrical processes that are essential to the wellbeing of cells, tissues and body systems. This means that regardless of the type injury or condition, virtually all horses could gain significant benefits and improvements from using this technology.
Understanding the different ways that microcurrent interacts with the body is important for establishing how this unique technology can be best utilised.
There are a number of known benefits that can be gained from applying microcurrent stimulation to the affected area. These include:
Reduction of inflammation and associated pain.
Local increase in production of ATP.
Restoration of skin battery effect across damaged tissues.
Aid the rate and quality of tissue healing.
Microcurrent is thought to provide a local benefit to the mitochondria within the cells, which are responsible for producing around 90% of cellular energy. Electrical currents appear to provide the cells an additional resource, which in animal tissues may increase the production of ATP. This process is heavily dependent on the availability of electrons within the mitochondria and the electrochemical gradients across the inner mitochondrial membrane - thus offering a potential mechanism of action for the application of microcurrents in relation to ATP production.
There are also mechanisms that explain how some benefits of microcurrent appear to be derived on a systemic level i.e the microcurrent is applied to a localised area, resulting in certain responses that are systemically derived.
Afterall, when an injury occurs a number of systemic responses are normally invoked as a direct response to a localised stimulus such as the wound itself e.g. immunity responses, growth factor and mediator release, the healing cascade etc. When injuries occur, there is evidence to suggest that not only does ATP provide the vital energy needed by the cells, it also acts as a signaling molecule when released from damaged cells. The role of ATP as a signaling molecule, and its ability to initiate DAMPS (Damage Associated Molecular Patterns) has been well established, and the generation of ATP to a localised area by microcurrent stimulation provides a potential mechanism of action as to how these natural responses could be promoted.
Therefore, microcurrent can be formulated to promote both local and systematically derived actions for optimal recovery of wounds and injuries.
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